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Interpreting the Evidence

Enfield Falls, near Ithaca, c. 1900

  • Documents in this Activity:
  • Historical Era:

    Turn of the Century and WWI (1890 - 1930)

  • Thinking Skill:

    Historical Analysis & Interpretation

  • Grade Level:

    Lower Elementary
    Upper Elementary
    Middle School
    High School
    College University

  • Topics:


  • Primary Source Types:


  • Regions:

    Central New York
    New York State

  • Creator:

    NYS Archives Partnership Trust Education Team

  1. Load Enfield Falls, near Ithaca, c. 1900 in Main Image Viewer

Suggested Teaching Instructions

Historical Context
New York State is the home of many breathtaking waterfalls.  They can be found in all different regions of the state.  The origin of the waterfalls stems from the Ice Age and movement of glaciers throughout the area.
Essential Question
How does geography impact culture and economy?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain how this water source influenced New York's culture and economy.
Historical Challenges
What is a more popular name for the waterfall in this photograph? In which state park is it located? Did the park exist at the time this photograph was taken?
Interdisciplinary Connections
Science: Investigate the impact of glaciers in New York State during the Ice Age.
English Language Arts: Write a newspaper article persuading people to visit a waterfall of your choice in New York State.