Interpreting the Evidence
Kindergarten Class, New York City Public School #9, c. 1900
Suggested Teaching Instructions
A kindergarten class at New York City Public School #9 located at West End Avenue & 82nd Street, circa 1900.
The philosophy of kindergarten was established by Friedrich Froebel in Germany in the 1830s. He thought that kindergarten children could learn and grow best by having time to play and to interact with other children. Kindergartens were first established as private schools for upper class children. By the end of the nineteenth century, kindergartens were found the public schools and were seen as a way to help the children of immigrants and the poor. The first free public kindergarten class was in Queens, New York.
How does culture influence a society's education system?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and identify key characteristics of the American education system during this time period.
In what year was the first free kindergarten opened in the United States. Who could attend?
English Language Arts: Create a T-chart showing the differences and similarities of this classroom and the classroom in the photograph titled "Large Kindergarten Classroom."