Interpreting the Evidence
Niagara Falls in Winter, c. 1900
Suggested Teaching Instructions
Buildup of snow and ice at the American Falls and Ice Bridge, Niagara Falls, circa 1900.
While Niagara Falls does not freeze in winter, an ice bridge forms at the bottom of the falls with water flowing underneath. It has been reported that up to eighty feet of thick ice has formed across the base of the falls in the past. Until 1912, visitors were actually allowed to walk out on the ice bridge; however, on February 4, 1912, the ice broke up, and three tourists died.
How does geography influence human settlement patterns and economic systems?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain the influence of this body of water on New York's settlement and economy.
Of the three falls that make up Niagara Falls, which has frozen completely in the past? When did the freeze occur, and why?
Science: Why doesn't Niagara Falls freeze in winter?
English Language Arts: You are the mayor of the city and have been told that people can no longer walk on the ice bridge. Write a letter to your townspeople explaining why they can no longer go out on the ice bridge.