Interpreting the Evidence
Reunion at Gettysburg, 1913
Suggested Teaching Instructions
Civil War 50th anniversary reunion at Gettysburg with hospital, tents and ambulance of Pennsylvania State Department of Health, 1913.
In June of 1863, General Lee led his Confederate Army across the Virginia border into Pennsylvania. The Union reacted by ordering General Mead to lead his Union Army north from Washington into Pennsylvania. On July 1, the Confederate Army raided the town of Gettysburg for shoes. By chance, they encountered Union cavalrymen, and the battle began. The fighting lasted three days and ended on July 3, 1863 with a Union victory. Some 75,000 Confederate troops and 80,000 Union troops fought at Gettysburg.
The small town of Gettysburg (population 2,400) was left with a total of 51,000 battlefield casualties. The battlefield encompassed twenty-five square miles. General Lee retreated south into Virginia. The Confederate troops would never recover from the devastating losses at Gettysburg and never again attempted an offensive operation.
How does war impact a society?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and evaluate the impact of the Civil War on the lives of these men.
Who was the only civilian casualty of the Battle of Gettysburg? How many people from Gettysburg actually fought in the battle?
English Language Arts: Pretend you are a resident of the town of Gettysburg. Write a diary entry explaining your feelings and what is happening after the battle is over.