The Rosenberg trial was the most famous trial of the 1950s. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested in July 1950 and put on trial for conspiring to steal American secrets about the manufacture of the atomic bomb and for selling them to the U.S.S.R. (Russia). Many people felt that there was not enough evidence to convict them. Atomic scientists who testified at the trial felt that the information the Rosenbergs allegedly gave to Russia was too incomplete to help the Russians. To this day, there is still disagreement about whether the Rosenbergs were guilty, especially Ethel.
The jury found both Rosenbergs guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage. At their sentencing, Judge Kaufman declared, “…I consider your crimes worse than murder…I believe your conduct in putting into the hands of the Russians the A-bomb years before our best scientists predicted Russia would perfect the bomb has already caused, in my opinion, the Communist aggression in Korea with the resultant casualties exceeding fifty thousand, and who knows how many millions more of innocent people may pay the price of your treason.”
The Rosenberg's attorney fought for two years to save their lives. But Julius and Ethel were executed at 8:00 p.m. on June 19, 1953, at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, N.Y. They left behind two young sons.
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