Skip to content
Interpreting the Evidence

Vortex of Horseshoe Falls, Niagara Falls, c. 1900

  • Documents in this Activity:
  • Historical Eras:

    Turn of the Century and WWI (1890 - 1930)

  • Thinking Skill:

    Historical Analysis & Interpretation

  • Grade Level:

    Lower Elementary
    Upper Elementary
    Middle School
    High School
    College University

  • Topics:


  • Primary Source Types:


  • Regions:

    Western New York
    New York State

  • Creator:

    NYS Archives Partnership Trust Education Team

  1. Load Vortex of Horseshoe Falls, Niagara Falls, c. 1900 in Main Image Viewer

Suggested Teaching Instructions

Document Description
The top of the Horseshoe Falls at Niagara Falls, circa 1900.
Essential Question
How does geography influence human settlement and economic systems?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain the influence of this body of water on New York's settlement and economy.
Historical Challenges
Niagara Falls was the subject of what international treaty?
Interdisciplinary Connections
Science: What is hydroelectric power, and how does it work?
English Language Arts: Create a travel brochure for people visiting Niagara Falls. Include five interesting facts about the falls.