We Must Have Ships! United States Shipping Board
Suggested Teaching Instructions
President Wilson and the federal government created and then expanded the power and scope of committees such as the Shipping Board and the War Industries Board, the Shipping Control Committee, and the Emergency Fleet Corporation to address the desperate situation. These organizations used a centralized approach to increase shipping contracts, to funnel appropriate materials to ship building facilities, to increased production standards and quotas, and to create a climate of unprecedented government-industry collaboration.
One of the central questions that had to be resolved was not simply a matter of building or replacing “hulls” but gaining the equivalent of the necessary tonnage capacity to move war supplies and troops to Europe. Each of the newly conceived administrative organizations started from scratch or completely altered the manner in which they had previously conducted business. Everything was transferred to a war economy and function. Each act of legislation was original and unprecedented. By war’s end, though, not only had America achieved the short term goal of helping the Allies defeat Germany but its commercial capability going forward had upset the economic advantages of the seas once dominated by Britain.
How does war impact the global economy?
Check for Understanding
Identify the main idea and purpose of the poster.
Research why shipping was so critical to the Allied war effort during World War I.
Math: Calculate the loss to replacement ratio during the four years of the war.